Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) quantify, from patients' perspectives, their symptoms, function, and quality of life. Our aim was to determine the feasibility of integrating PRO capture into routine clinical practice at a large heart failure (HF) clinic.
We examined the practicality of PRO completion at the time of clinic visit, the time required to complete the selected instruments, the completion rate, and the feasibility of immediate PRO scoring and integration of the results into the electronic health record (EHR). We deployed a computer program to capture PROs (Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire, Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System) on a portable computer platform at the time of a clinic visit. An automated algorithm identified patients scheduled for appointments at the HF clinic at registration, provided a portable tablet computer with which to complete the appropriate PRO instruments and then scored and immediately integrated the results in the patient's EHR.
In a 12-month period, 862 unique patients completed 1,320 PRO assessments. The mean age of this cohort was 60.1 ± 16.3 years and 66% were male. The average time for PRO assessment was 6.7 minutes and the completion rate among eligible patients was 58%, with 91% of started assessments completed in full.
These preliminary data support the feasibility of serial PRO assessment with real-time integration into the EHR in a large outpatient population of patients with HF. We identified critical steps that should enhance adoption of this approach by clinicians and render PRO results meaningful and actionable in routine clinical care.
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Published online: October 02, 2017
Accepted: September 26, 2017
Received in revised form: September 25, 2017
Received: May 18, 2017
Funding: Support for this work was provided by the American Heart Association through a Strategically Focused Heart Failure Research Networks Award.
Published by Elsevier Inc.