Heart failure is the final common disabling pathway for a heterogeneous set of genetically and socially-determined causes.
1It is not surprising that disadvantaged populations both within and across countries would have higher age-specific rates of heart failure. After all, these populations are exposed to higher levels of infectious, environmental, nutritional, and metabolic risks that are associated with heart failure.
- Commission on the Social Determinants of Health (CSDH)
Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on the social determinants of health. Final Report of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health.
World Health Organization, Geneva2008
2These risks include household and ambient air pollution throughout life, maternal rubella and micronutrient deficiencies around the time of birth, Streptococcal disease in childhood, as well as high blood pressure, tobacco, alcohol, tuberculosis, and HIV in adulthood. The 2015 Global Burden of Disease Study predicts that the prevalence of heart failure in low-income countries is between 1.8 times higher (during infancy) and 1.2 times higher (after age 10) than in high-income countries.
- GBD 2015 Risk Factors Collaborators
Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.
Lancet. 2016; 388: 1659-1724
- IHME (Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation)
Global Burden of Disease 2015 Data Visualizations.
Date accessed: August 21, 2017
To read this article in full you will need to make a payment
Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
Subscribe:Subscribe to Journal of Cardiac Failure
Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
Already an online subscriber? Sign in
Register: Create an account
Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect
- Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on the social determinants of health. Final Report of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health.World Health Organization, Geneva2008
- Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.Lancet. 2016; 388: 1659-1724
- Global Burden of Disease 2015 Data Visualizations.([Internet]; Available at)http://viz.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/gbd-compare/Date: 2017Date accessed: August 21, 2017
- Seven key actions to eradicate rheumatic heart disease in Africa: the Addis Ababa communiqué.Cardiovasc J Afr. 2016; 27: 184-187
- Endemic cardiovascular diseases of the poorest billion.Circulation. 2016; 133: 2561-2575
- Symptoms and signs of heart failure at admission and discharge and outcomes in the sub-saharan acute heart failure (THESUS-HF) registry.J Card Fail. 2017; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cardfail.2016.09.016
- The causes, treatment, and outcome of acute heart failure in 1006 Africans from 9 countries.Arch Intern Med. 2012; 172: 1386-1394
- Pattern and outcome of heart failure-related hospitalization over 5 years in a remote australian population: a retrospective administrative data cohort of 617 indigenous and non-indigenous cases.J Card Fail. 2017; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cardfail.2017.06.002
- Implementing guideline based heart failure care in the Northern Territory: challenges and solutions.Heart Lung Circ. 2014; 23: 391-406
- Congestive heart failure in the community: a study of all incident cases in Olmsted County, Minnesota, in 1991.Circulation. 1998; 98: 2282-2289
- Capacity for diagnosis and treatment of heart failure in sub-Saharan Africa.Heart. 2017; https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2016-310913
- Sustainable health financing, universal coverage and social health insurance.(WHA58.33. Fifty-eigth World Health Assembly. Geneva)2005
- Bukhman G. Kidder A. The Partners In Health guide to chronic care integration for endemic non-communicable diseases. Rwanda edition. cardiac, renal, diabetes, pulmonary, and palliative care. Partners In Health, Boston2011 (Available at)[Internet])
- A simplified echocardiographic strategy for heart failure diagnosis and management within an integrated noncommunicable disease clinic at district hospital level for Sub-Saharan Africa.JACC Heart Fail. 2013; 1: 230-236
- Descriptive epidemiology and short-term outcomes of heart failure hospitalisation in rural Haiti.Heart. 2016; 102: 140-146
- Rationale and design of the Pan African Pulmonary hypertension Cohort (PAPUCO) study: implementing a contemporary registry on pulmonary hypertension in Africa.BMJ Open. 2014; 4: e005950
Published online: August 25, 2017
Accepted: August 21, 2017
Received: August 21, 2017
© 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.